Uploaded By: Charl Roberts
- Slide 1 - Middle East Map
- Slide 2 - Imagining the Middle East Look at the following set of pictures and answer the question, ‘What is the Middle East?’ Write a paragraph that starts with the phrase: ‘The Middle East is a place …’
- Slide 3 - Abu-Ghraib Invading Iraq
- Slide 4 - Gender
- Slide 5 - Children
- Slide 6 - Place of Faiths
- Slide 7 - Oil & Power
- Slide 8 - Configuring the East Traditional and dominant Western historical narratives and explanations of the Middle East consist of several main themes: The name ‘Middle East’ is Eurocentric , explaining the location of the region in relation to Europe and the ‘Far East’, from a European perspective. Thus the West (more particularly, the dominant countries and classes within them) is the main reference point. From this perspective, analyses of other parts of the world are explained through contact with and conquest by Western empires. The ‘civilising’ role of western intervention is emphasised and describes the West as ‘civilised’, ‘modern’ and ‘powerful’, and the other as ‘uncivilised’, ‘backward’ and ‘weak’.
- Slide 9 - Orientalism According to Edward Said, one may discern four ‘dogmas’ of Orientalism: The absolute and scientific difference between the West, which is rational, developed, humane, superior, and the Orient, which is aberrant, undeveloped, inferior The Orient is best understood through texts representing ‘classical’ Oriental civilisation, rather than from direct evidence drawn from modern Oriental realities. The Orient is eternal, uniform, and incapable of defining itself. The Orient is at bottom something either to be feared or to be controlled.
- Slide 10 - Orientalism [Cont..] Many Western Scholars still argue that there “are still such things as an Islamic society, an Arab mind, an Oriental psyche.” Often they still refer to Koranic texts to explain contemporary Middle Eastern society. Religion, particularly Islam, is perceived as a constant and defining feature of the region’s people and societies. Zachary Lochman, has argued that most scholars of Orientalism proceed from the assumption “that Islam was a coherent civilisation whose historical dynamics, institutions, though, and way of life were expressions of a basically unitary and stable set of core values and beliefs…”
- Slide 11 - The geo-political scope The historic Ottoman Empire: But Turkey is neither Arab nor sees itself as part of the Middle East. Also, the Ottoman Empire stretched into Eastern Europe. Land of Arabs: But Persians, Berbers, Kurds & Turks are not Arab Land of Islam: In a number of countries there is an important presence of Coptic Christians, Christians & Jews Furthermore, Islam is not a homogeneous religion